decoupage flower pot tutorial

decoupage flower pot
Decoupage flower pots are a great gift for graduation, Mother’s Day or Father’s Day.  Use black and white or tinted copies of photographs to create a personalized pot. Use baby photos and snapshots from important life events to make this visual keepsake extra meaningful.

Materials and tools for decoupage flower pot:

  • Terra cotta pot, 6”
  • Wooden heart tag, 2-1/2”
  • Inkjet photo paper or copy paper
  • Acrylic flat-backed crystals
  • Ribbon or fabric of choice, 1” wide, 14” length
  • Jute twine, 3” length
  • Computer, photo-editing software, scanner, inkjet printer or copier
  • DecoArt Americana Acrylic Paints: Lamp Black, Snow White, Boysenberry Pink, Olive Green
  • Tiny alphabet stamps and black pigment ink
  • Adhesives: DecoArtAmericana Decou-page, Beacon Adhesives Gem-Tac Permanent Adhesive
  • scissors, paintbrushes, foam brush, wax candle, sanding block, newspaper (to cover work surface)

Instructions for decoupage flower-pot:

Use scanner to scan photographs and save. Use photo-editing software to convert photos to black and white and to tint photographs if desired. Resize photographs into various sizes ranging from 1” to 4”. Print photographs on inkjet paper (or copy photos onto copy paper). Use scissors to trim photographs as needed.

On covered work surface, paint pot rim and inside of pot Boysenberry Pink or Olive Green. Paint wooden heart black. Let dry. Use wax candle to lightly rub surface on heart randomly to create wax resist. Paint heart Snow White. When dry, sand surface lightly to reveal distressed finish.

Use alphabet stamps and pigment ink to stamp sentiment such as “we grow through a mother’s love” or “we love you Mom” on heart. Adhere crystals on heart using Gem-Tac. Set aside.

Use découpage medium and foam brush to adhere photos to bottom of pot. Overlap photos slightly and vary position. Use fingers to smooth out air bubbles. Let dry.

Tie ribbon into bow around top of pot. Use jute or string to tie heart tag around knot in bow.

Pink cupcake gift set

pink spa gift set

Give a sweet treat to your favorite person with a cupcake gift set.  Use your favorite recipe to make the cupcakes and icing and give them the ingredients to make them too.  The cupcakes are perfect for any occasion.

Supplies for Cup Gift Set:

  • Recycled glass jars in various sizes
  • Light turquoise blue fabric, 1/4 yd.
  • Americana Acrylic Paints (DecoArt): Olive Green; Bubblegum Pink, Glamour Dust, Duraclear Varnish
  • Cardstock: turquoise; white
  • Black 6-strand Embroidery Floss (DMC)
  • Small plastic bag
  • Bubble Stripes Baking Cups (Wilton)
  • Multi colored beads: 6/0 pebble; bugle
  • Birthday Cupcakes stamp set (Inkadinkado)
  • Black pigment ink pad
  • Scallop-edge scissors
  • Circle punches: 1/2”; 1”
  • Toothpicks
  • Batting and Stick Fusible Webbing by Fairfield
  • Sewing needle and matching thread
  • Glue (Beacon Adhesives): Fabri-Tac Permanent Adhesive; Zip Dry Paper Glue
  • Iron and pressing board

Instructions for cupcake gift set:

1. Paint jar lids Olive Green and Bubblegum Pink. Let dry and apply varnish. While varnish is still wet, sprinkle with Glamour Dust.
2. Trace 4” and 3-1/2” oval, and 2-1/2” circle on batting; cut out with scallop-edge scissors. Follow manufacturer’s instructions to fuse light turquoise fabric to fusible webbing. Trace and cut out 3-3/4” oval, 3-1/4” oval and 2-1/4” circle from fused fabric. Layer ovals and circles together and fuse so batting ovals and circles are matted.
3. Use pigment ink to stamp sentiments and images on fabric. Heat set with iron on warm setting.
4. Use three strands embroidery floss to blanket stitch edge of turquoise ovals and circles. Sew multi colored seed and bugle beads for sprinkles on cupcake image. Use fabric glue to adhere sewn ovals and circle to jars. Carefully fill jars with contents (cake mix, frosting and store-bought chocolate sprinkles).
5. For cupcake picks, punch several 1” circles from turquoise card stock and several 1/2” circles from white cardstock. Stamp small cupcake images from set and glue circles together. Glue toothpics to back center of larger circle. Cut small rectangular turquoise piece to fit opening of small plastic bag and mat with white cardstock. Stamp sentiment on white cardstock. Place picks in bag and stamp ends to rectangles to secure.
by Melony Bradley

Make a family name pallet sign with Image transfer

sign

Personalize your home with a family name pallet sign. This rustic sign shows off your surname in style with a budget-friendly image transfer technique.  Use a sophisticated fancy font or a basic font to create different looks.  If you are not comfortable with power tools you can ask the person at the lumber counter to cut it for you or a friend.  Take proper precautions when working with power tools.  If you are unsure ask for help.  If you want use a different base color stick to light or pastel colors.

Supplies for pallet sign:

  • Wooden pallet or plaque, 18”x7-1/2”, two
  • White computer paper
  • Hanger of choice
  • Computer, photo editing software, inkjet printer
  • Saw
  • DecoArt Americana Acrylic Paints: Snow White, Lamp Black, Dura Clear Exterior or Interior Poly Varnish, DecoPage
  • Glue gun and glue sticks, ruler, pencil, black marker, paintbrush, sanding block, soft cloth, wax candle, scissors, foam brush, hand towel, newspaper (to cover work surface)

Instructions for pallet sign:

  1. Use ruler and pencil to mark off six 2-1/2”x7-1/2” pieces on one wooden pallet. Use saw to cut pieces apart. Sand wooden pieces thoroughly and wipe with soft cloth.
  2. Paint large plaque and small plaque pieces Lamp Black. Let dry. Randomly rub candle across surface of small plaque pieces. Paint small plaque pieces Snow White. Lightly sand surface to reveal distressed areas.
  3. Arrange small plaque pieces on top of larger plaque. Adhere pieces in place using hot glue. Let cool.
  4. Use computer and photo editing software to type letters for surname. Make sure letters are flipped horizontally and sized appropriately before printing in font of choice. (Note: Designer used Microsoft Paint to type letters and inserted as image into Word document in “Stencil” font.) Repeat process for “EST” and year in desired font and size. Print name, year, and “EST” on computer paper using inkjet printer.
  5. Cut out printed words and year with scissors; position right side down on surface of smaller plaque pieces. Use foam brush and découpage medium to coat pieces thoroughly. Let dry overnight if possible.
  6. Wet small portion of hand towel with water. Starting at one corner of plaque, gently rub away paper, taking care not to rub off transferred images. Wipe off any excess paper.
  7. Attach hangar of choice onto back of plaque. Apply sealer if the piece will be exposed to the elements.

 

Fabric Scrap Bookmarks Tutorial

fabric scrap bookmarks main
Make Fabric Scrap Bookmarks to use up your fabric stash and give a gift any reader would love.  Make the bookmarks to have as a go-to in your gift closet for last-minute gifts.  They are the perfect small thank you gift and they can be combined with a book or a book bag to create a larger gift. Best part is you get to use up every single scrap you have in your stash.

Materials for Fabric Scrap Bookmarks:

Instructions for Fabric Scrap Bookmarks:

  1. Start sewing the fabric scraps together patchwork style, using a 1/4″ seam allowance. Use an iron and pressing surface to steam the seams open on the wrong side. I chose to patchwork my fabric scraps together at an angle.fabric scraps 2
  2. Keep going until you have a piece of fabric that is large enough to cut several 2 1/4″ x 7 1/2″ bookmarks from. I cut four fabric scrap bookmarks from a piece of 14″ x 12″ patchworked fabrics.fabric scraps 3
  3. Use the rotary cutter and mat to cut strips of Smooth and white wool felt into 2 1/4″ x 7 1/2″ strips. fabric scraps 4
  4. Now it’s time to make the heart “charm.” To make the stuffed heart, trace a heart shape on the wrong side of the fabric. Double the fabric over and cut two shapes out at once. Sew the shapes together with the sewing machine and thread leaving a 1/2″ open for stuffing. Lightly stuff the heart with Polyfil and sew the heart shape closed. fabric scraps 5
  5.  Use a needle and thread to sew a 5″ piece of black cord to the center. Use the fabric glue to adhere an embellishment to the center “front” of the heart.  fabric scraps 6
  6. Fuse a 5″ square of muslin to the Stick fusible webbing. Cut out into 2″ squares.  Use the alphabet stamps and ink to stamp sentiments to each square.  Use the iron and pressing surface to adhere the square to the bookmark. This will also heat set the ink. Now it’s time to assemble the bookmark. First, sew the edges of the stamped square to the bookmark to secure.  Sandwich the Smooth the fabric strip and wool felt. Sew the edges together.  Then, sew the end of the cord to the bookmark as shown with several stitches.  fabric scraps 7
  7. These fabric scrap bookmarks can be used a great small gifts for neighbors, friends. co-workers, teachers. Use them for quilt guild swaps or anytime you need a great creative gift!

Needle felted bunny jars

Spring jars needle felt bunny

If you are looking for a simple craft to do while watching tv give needle felting a try.  It is a simple craft that gives great results in not a lot of time. Yes, you do have to pay attention to where you are punching the needle… trust me on that one.

Materials for Needle felted bunny jars:

  • Ball Smooth Quart Jar (Jarden Home Brands)
  • Wild Saffron patterned papers (K&Co.)
  • Off-white cardstock
  • FOR EASTER COOKIES JAR ONLY:
  • Wool Felt (National Nonwovens): Off-white
  • Americana Acrylic Paints (DecoArt): Light Mocha
  • Wool roving (Clover): Off-white; Moss; Orange
  • Trims: brown velvet ribbon with white stitching, 7/8″, 1 yd.; white/blue dot fabric scrap
  • Black pebble bead
  • Sewing needle and black thread
  • Jar mix ingredients (see recipe)
  • FOR CARROT CAKE MIX JAR ONLY:
  • Wool Felt (National Nonwovens): Copper; Olive; Light Brown
  • Americana Acrylic Paints (DecoArt): Espresso
  • Wool roving (Clover): Moss; Orange
  • White/blue dot fabric scrap
  • Jar mix ingredients (see recipe)

Tools

  • Brown chalk ink pad
  • Needle felting tool and large needle mat (Clover)
  • Aleene’s Original Tacky Glue (Duncan)
  • Zip Dry Paper Glue (Beacon Adhesives)
  • Super sticky or red-line tape, 1/4″
  • Scallop-edge scissors
  • Paintbrushes
  • Computer and printer

Directions for Needle felted bunny jars:

1. Print and cut out patterns. Transfer patterns to wool felt and cut out.

2. For bunny jar, use felting tool and pad to cover bunny in off-white roving. Pull small piece from orange and felt carrot shape in bunny center. Use moss for three leaves at top of carrot. Sew pebble bead to eye dot and backstitch carrot lines. For carrot jar, needle felt carrot with orange roving. Pull small pieces from moss roving for carrot details in center, top and bottom of carrot. Cut leaf from olive felt. Trace 4″ oval onto brown felt; cut out with scallop-edge scissors.

3. Paint jar lid. Let dry and apply varnish. Use sanding block to lightly distress lids, letting metal show through. Apply varnish.

4. Cut 4″x12″ rectangle from patterned paper. Apply stick tape to edges and adhere to jar. Glue motif and ovals to jar. Cut 13″ ribbon lengths; glue to top and bottom edges of patterned paper strip.

5. Print recipe on off-white cardstock; trim to tag shape. Punch hole in tag. Ink edges brown and tie to jar with fabric or rickrack. (see photos)

by Melony Bradley

Pattern – Spring Food Gift Jars

hub cap flowers

hub cap flowers
Make urban-style garden art on the cheap. Add color to your garden even in the winter. Use found objects like abandoned roadside hub caps. The found pieces are given a makeover with spray paints and simple wooden shapes. Give your garden color all year round. Create a batch of forever flowers to celebrate Earth Day on April 22nd and all year long.

Materials & Basic supplies for hub cap flowers:

  • Recycled automobile hub cap
  • Wooden shapes, 1”: circles, rings
  • Recycled wire clothing hangers
  • Green duct tape
  • Cable zip ties
  • Bubble wrap
  • Acrylic crystals, 14mm
  • Hanger of choice
  • Heavy-duty wire cutters
  • Pliers
  • Krylon Indoor/Outdoor Spray Paint: Pumpkin Orange, Blue Ocean Breeze, Gum Drop
  • Beacon Adhesives Gem-Tac Permanent Adhesive
  • Brown alchohol ink
  • newspaper (to cover work surface)

Directions for hub cap flowers:

    1. Thoroughly clean and dry hub cap. Position hub cap flat on covered work surface. Adhere wooden shapes on center of hub cap. Attach cable ties around outside edges of hub cap.
    2. In well-ventilated area, spray center of hub cap Pumpkin Orange or Blue Ocean Breeze. Spray outer portion of hub cap Gum Drop or Pumpkin Orange. Apply several coats as desired, letting paint dry between coats.
    3. With pliers, un-twist tops of two wire hangers; straighten hangers. Use wire cutters to cut 14” lengths from hanger (for leaves). Use pliers to shape wire lengths into ovals for leaves. Position other long wire length on work surface (for stem).
    4. Cut bubble wrap into long 2”-wide strips. Starting 3” from top of stem, wrap strips around wire hanger and wire leaves. Beginning at top of stem, wrap green duct tape around bubble wrap. Wrap green duct tape around leaves, permanently attaching leaves to stem.
    5. Adhere crystals on flower center using glue. Let dry.
    6. Use pliers to bend 3” of top of stem around base of hub cap, attaching stem to flower. Attach hanger of choice on back of flower.

scrap fabric bags

scrap fabric bags Make mini scrap fabric bags with button handles.  This fabric scrap stash busting idea is fun and easy to recreate.  Instead of throwing fabric scraps away, tear them into small strips and sew them together to create adorable little mini totes. Raid your button stash for an authentic handle, too.  Have fun with your stitches for even more variety.

Materials for Mini scrap fabric bags with button handles:

  • Colorful fabric strips, 1-1/2”x12”, 12
  • Wire, 18-gauge, 10” length
  • Buttons Galore & MoreSunshine Yellow Hand-Dyed Buttons; Color Blend Buttons: Blue, White, Natural
  • Buttons Galore & MoreMedium Squares Blank Craft Shapes
  • Natural hemp twine, 6” length

Tools for Mini scrap fabric bags with button handles

  • Sewing machine and matching thread
  • Rubber stamps of choice
  • Heat tool
  • Wire cutters
  • Heavy-duty hole punch
  • Pigment inks: orange, black
  • Beacon Adhesives Gem-Tac Permanent Adhesive
  • rotary cutter and mat, iron and pressing surface, scissors, straight pins

Directions for Mini scrap fabric bags with button handles

1.Layer two strips of fabric together slightly overlapping long edges; pin. Machine-sew strips together. Continue in same manner until 11 or 12 strips are joined. (Note: Designer used various stitches available on sewing machine and free form stitches on plain strips. Designer used a knife-pleated strip of fabric for top strip.

2.Once strips are joined, use black ink and stamps to stamp across plain strips. Heat set ink with iron.

 

3.Use rotary cutter and mat to cut two 6”x7-1/2” pieces from sewn strips for front and back pieces of tote. Place right sides together and machine-sew left, bottom, and right sides using 1/2” seam allowance. Steam seams open and turn tote inside out. Press gently with iron.

 

4.Embellish font of tote with buttons using glue. Let dry.

 

5.For handle, cut 10” wire length using wire cutters. Thread buttons on wire. Bend one end of wire to keep buttons from slipping off. Punch holes in sides of tote, through fabric layers, using heavy-duty hole punch. Insert one end of wire into hole; curl ends to secure. Repeat for opposite end of handle.

 

6.Ink square craft shape orange; heat set. Repeat on back side. Stamp motif with black ink. Let dry. Tie square onto handle using hemp twine.<

Friendship Brownies in a jar

friendship brownies in a jar

Share the love with this fun and tasty treat in a jar!  Make friendship brownies in a jar mix.  Recycle a spaghetti sauce jar or a pickle jar and use pattern paper from your stash.  You don’t have to be elaborate on the packaging because we all know that it is what is on the inside that matters most.

Materials for Friendship Brownies in a jar:

  • Ball Quart Jar (Jarden Home Brands)
  • Americana Acrylic Paint (DecoArt): Soft Blue.
  • Patterned papers: brown/white Swiss dot; red/white polka dot
  • Off-white cardstock
  • Red wool felt scrap
  • Wool roving: brick red; white
  • Blue Tiny Alphas Alphabet Stickers (Making Memories)
  • Acrylic gems: blue, 32; clear
  • Silver clip
  • Jute twine
  • Brownie mix ingredients (see recipe)

Basic Supplies for Friendship Brownies in a jar:

scissors

Tools

  • Duraclear Varnish (DecoArt)
  • Scallop-edge scissors
  • Adhesives (Beacon Adhesives): Fabri-Tac; Zip Dry Paper Glue
  • Needle felting tool and pad

Directions for Friendship Brownies in a jar:

1. Paint jar lid. Let dry. Apply varnish.

2. Cut 4″x12″ rectangle from paper to fit around jar. Adhere to jar. (Note: Wrap rubber bands around paper to secure while glue dries.) Use scallop-edge scissors to cut two 1″x12″ strips from cardstock. Glue to top and bottom edge of rectangle.

3. Print and cut out pattern.

4. Needle felt heart red. Draw flower center and needle felt white. Glue flower to jar as shown.

5. For label, cut a 1″x2-1/2″ from paper. Adhere stickers. Cut 8” length from jute, thread through clip and clip to label. Tie label around jar.

6. Adhere blue gems to scallop edges and crystal to center of heart.

7. Write or print jar mix instructions on remaining cardstock; cut out and glue to back of jar. recipe instructions

Recipe:

  • 1 2/3 cups  granulated sugar
  • 3/4 cup  NESTLÉ® TOLL HOUSE® Baking Cocoa
  • 1 1/3 cups  all-purpose flour
  • 1/2 teaspoon  baking powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon  salt
  • 3/4 cup  NESTLÉ® TOLL HOUSE® Semi-Sweet Chocolate Morsels
  • chopped nuts
    RECIPE TO ATTACH:
     

    PREHEAT oven to 350° F. Grease 13 x 9-inch baking pan. Pour brownie mix into large mixer bowl; stir. Add 3/4 cup (1 1/2 sticks) melted butter or margarine, 2 large eggs, 2 tablespoons water and 2 teaspoons vanilla extract; stir well. Spread into prepared baking pan. Bake for 18 to 25 minutes or until wooden pick inserted in center comes out slightly sticky. Cool completely in pan on wire rack. Dust with powdered sugar. Makes 2 dozen brownies.

by Melony Bradley

Country Chic Valentine decor

Country Chic Valentine decor – My littlest child thinks we need to have decorations for every holiday and I tend to agree.  I love to create and decorate and make our house a home.  She is old enough to help and definitely has a great sense of what she likes.  She posses a huge amount of creativity for a preschooler and it makes my heart swell with joy.  The option to color the hearts red or pink was given to her.  She declined because hearts come in all sorts of colors and sizes and she wanted to make the hearts pretty with all the “stuffs”.   This artistic mom could not have been happier with that statement.  We made these with a the box of Christmas craft supplies that were never quite incorporated back into my craft stash and were sitting in the corner of my room patiently waiting to be sorted and put away.  The bits of twine, ribbons, buttons and fabric were all left over from a craft night before Christmas.  Even the straws were left over from another festive occasion.  I keep a large box of Poly-Fil on hand so we did not have to purchase anything to make this decorative trio.   Making the decorations from leftovers made me happy and we created something that can be displayed for many more Valentine’s Days to come.
muslin heart trio - country chic valentine

Supplies for Country Chic Valentine decor:

  • Duck Cloth or Canvas
  • Pencil
  • Fabric scissors and utility scissors
  • Sewing machine and coordinating thread
  • Embroidery floss and embroidery needle
  • Iron on letters and Iron
  • Paper Straws
  • Bamboo Skewers
  • Fairfield Processing – Polyfil fiberfill
  • Adtech Pro100 Hot glue gun and glue sticks
  • Paint brush
  • Americana Acrylic Paint – White,
  • DecoArt Metallic Luster –  Gold Rush, Iced Espresso
  • DecoArt Dazzling Metallics – Gold
  • Washi Tape
  • Misc. buttons and trim in neutral colors
  • shredded brown paper
  • rocks 

Country Chic Valentine decor Instructions:

  1. Gingerly paint the terra cotta pots with a coat of white paint.  If you go too heavy on the paint you can remove excess paint while it is damp using a cloth or use sandpaper after the paint is dry.  Allow the paint to dry then wrap the washi tape around the lip of the pot.  Use your finger or a cloth wrapped around your finger to apply the metallic paint around the edges and along the rim of the terra cotta pot.  Start with the Gold Rush then layer on the Iced Espresso.
  2. Trim jute and ribbons to size and hot glue on bits of old doilies, rickrack or other natural colored embellishments.
  3. Draw one large and two small hearts on canvas and then cut out the shapes with scissors.  Water down Gold paint and drizzle over fabric randomly.  Let the paint dry.  Add hand embroidery details around the hearts.  Place right sides together and sew the pieces together leaving a small opening at the bottom for the Poly-Fil and to place over the straws.  Iron on the sentiments of your choice to cotton ribbon remnants.  Hand sew or hot glue on the decorative embellishments.
  4. In the bottom of the terra cotta pots, place a few small rocks and generously add hot glue into the bottom to adhere the rocks..  While the glue is still warm insert a bamboo skewer into the glue.  Then place the straw over the skewer and hold in place until the glue cools.  The skewers provide stability.  Add the Poly-Fil to the hearts.  Add a small dot of glue onto the top of the straws and place the hearts on the straws through the opening at the bottom.  Let the glue cool and close off the opening with embroidery floss applied in a decorative fashion.   Add in brown shredded paper.  I run leftover cardstock through the home office paper shredder.

Tip: Hot glue a few rocks in the bottom of terra cotta pots to weight them down and to keep objects centered.  Use an old credit cards to smooth the washi tape ripples.

dyed muslin favor bags

muslin favor bags favor bags

Dye muslin favor bags  to customize wedding favor bags perfect for giving small gifts at a wedding reception, bridal luncheon, rehearsal dinner, shower or even Valentine’s Day gifts.

Materials for muslin favor bags:

Tools

  • Sewing machine and black thread
  • Sizzix Big Shot Die-Cutting System and Dies: Primitive Hearts, Small Flower
  • Rit Liquid Dyes: Purple, Denim Blue, Kelly Green, Lemon Yellow
  • Alphabet stamps and black pigment ink
  • Adhesives: Stick; Beacon Adhesives Gem-Tac and Fabri-Tac Permanent Adhesive

Basic Supplies muslin favor bags:

washing machine, small mixing container, mixing spoon, hot water, rubber gloves, old towel, iron and pressing surface, straight pins, plastic tablecloth or trash bag, rotary cutter and mat.

Directions muslin favor bags:

1.  Machine wash cotton muslin. Cover work surface with plastic tablecloth or trash bag. Wearing rubber gloves, mix 1/2 tsp. Kelly Green, 1 Tbsp. Lemon Yellow, and 1 cup hot water in small mixing container. (Note: Water should be 140º or hotter.) Stir with mixing spoon. Submerge fabric and 12” string length into dye bath. Let set for four minutes. Remove from dye bath; squeeze out excess dye and rinse under cool tap water. Squeeze out excess water; wrap in old towel to remove water and dye. Let dry. Iron on pressing surface to remove wrinkles. Repeat process for lavender fabric, mixing 1/8 tsp. Purple, 1/8 tsp. Denim Blue and 1 cup hot water.

2. Use rotary cutter and mat to cut two 6”x7-1/2” or two 4”x5-1/2” pieces from dyed fabric. Following manufacturer’s instructions, fuse small scrap (approximately 1-1/2”x2”) of white muslin to fusible webbing using iron. Use alphabet stamps and solvent ink for sentiment of choice to stamp muslin. Heat set with iron on medium setting.

3. Die cut heart from burlap. Die cut flower from black wool felt. Pin burlap heart to front of bag and machine-sew around edges, leaving small opening for stuffing. Lightly stuff with fiberfill and sew opening closed. Machine-sew stamped sentiment 1/4” from edge using straight or zig-zag stitch.

4. Steam 1/2” seam at top of bag pieces; machine sew using zig-zag or straight stitch. Place right sides of bag together and sew sides using 1/2” seam allowance on left, bottom, and right sides of bag. Steam seams open. Turn bag right side out and press.

5. Use fabric glue to adhere black felt flower on bag. Adhere rhinestone on flower center using Gem-Tac. Adhere dyed string onto top of bag (for handle) using Fabri-Tac. Let dry.